Official excavations began in 2014 by archaeologist Dr. Aytac Coskun of Dicle University in Diyarbakir, and Zerzevan, also known as Samachi Castle, is one of the newest archaeological sites in Turkey’s southeastern region. The location is located on a hilltop dominating the area in Diyarbakir’s Cinar district, roughly 45 kilometres (28 mi) from the province centre.
The popularity of Zerzevan Castle, which has begun to draw both tourists and locals, is growing by the day. Assoc. Dr. Aytaç Coskun, the excavation team’s leader, indicated that Zerzevan Castle and its environs had been unaltered for 1400 years, and that “the presence of a castle in Zerzevan was recognised.” Aside from that, it’s a location where no information is exchanged or work is completed. And this was a no-go area. Right now, there are over 300,000 tourists to Zerzevan Castle from all around the world. By the end of the year, it will have reached 400,000.” Coskun added:
The number of visits to Zerzevan Castle will exceed 1 million people with the end of the epidemic. Many tour programs includes Zerzevan Castle and Mithras Temple. Tours of Zerzevan Castle and Mithras Temple were also started in the area. It has now become one of the most important destinations in the world. That’s because it’s one of the best-preserved garrisons in the world. In fact, you can live and see 3,000 years of history here. The work at Zerzevan Castle has great benefits for both the economy and employment. The number of visitors is also increasing day by day. Zerzevan Castle is not only Diyarbakir; it has the potential to affect surrounding cities such as Mardin, Sanliurfa and Batman.”
Coskun reported that Mithras was ultimately removed from the world’s best-preserved military settlement, and that this monument was the first temple on Rome’s eastern border. It is critical for our province’s, region’s, and country’s tourism. Architectural ruins such as a 21-meter-high monitoring and defensive tower (south tower), church, administration building, arsenal, and rock altar may be found in the southern portion of the garrison settlement, which is surrounded by 12-15 metres high walls.
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In the north, streets, streets, and dwellings can all be followed. In the region where the dwellings were unearthed, water cisterns, an underground church, an underground bunker, the world’s last Mithras temple, and the first Mithras temple on Rome’s eastern boundary were discovered. Outside the walls, there are canals, display bowls, and quarries that bring water to the settlement; in the necropolis region, rock tombs and vaulted tombs draw notice. There is an above-ground city and a vast underground city at Zerzevan Castle.